We got up reasonably early as we had a lot to see again today. We started first in Orange where I managed to get into the Ampitheatre for free because of my deafness. I had to show my Cochlear Implant patient card for this. Once again, Anne had seen a few ampitheatre's before so I went in alone. It wasn't terribly big, but it was old - built sometime in the 1st Century. It's still being used today - in fact there were advertisements up for Phantom of the Opera. That would be a great show to see in an ancient theatre!
The area was inhabited in the Bronze Age. At the end of the fourth century BCE, the upper city of Vaison became the capital of a Celtic tribe, the Vocontii or Voconces. The medieval town is high on the rocky cliff. The valley floor was safe from attack in Roman and modern times. In the Middle Ages attacks were frequent, and the town retreated up-hill to a more defensible position.
On top of the hill are the ruins of the castle of the Counts of Toulouse, who reigned over the Comtat Venaissin, until it was bequeathed to the Holy See in 1271. The castle was pillaged during the French Revolution and fell into disrepair. Notable in the Cité Médiévale are the many substantial town houses, the narrow alleys winding their way up the hill and the fountains. Much of the material used in the construction of the houses came from the Roman ruins in the valley.